2016 MA Science and Technology/Engineering Curriculum Framework Alignment

Disciplinary Core Idea/Sub-Idea:

ESS2. Earth's Systems

ESS2.C. The Roles of Water in Earth's Processes


ESS3. Earth and Human Activity

ESS3.C. Human Impacts on Earth Systems


ESS2. Earth’s Systems

5-ESS2-2. Describe and graph the relative amounts of salt water in the ocean; fresh water in lakes, rivers, and groundwater; and fresh water frozen in glaciers and polar ice caps to provide evidence about the availability of fresh water in Earth’s biosphere.

ESS3. Earth and Human Activity

5-ESS3-1.  Obtain and combine information about the ways communities reduce human impact on the Earth’s resources and environment by changing an agricultural, industrial, or community practice or process.

Grade 5

Global Distribution

of Water

Extension 1 Instructional Focus


The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites study gravity variations on land masses to provide the most detailed picture available of vital fresh water reserves hidden beneath Earth’s surface.  The International Space Station’s Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS), a water purification component developed for astronauts working in space, is now used to supply clean drinking water to remote and impoverished communities across the globe.

Extension 2 Instructional Focus


Students write a narrative with the aid of supporting materials from NASA and the Science Channel, in alignment with the 2017 MA English Language Arts and Literacy Framework.  Narrative prompt:


Imagine that you are the commander on board the International Space Station.  Suddenly, Mission Control notifies you that you must evacuate immediately, due to the danger of a major collision with a piece of space junk.  How do you feel? What do you do next?  What happens?  What do you learn from this experience? Include details from the NASA article entitled, “What is Orbital Debris?” in your narrative.

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